Leo Nikolaevich


Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy was a great Russian writer and thinker, a participant in the defense of Sevastopol, a publicist, and a religious thinker. Corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences (1873), honorary academician in the category of fine literature (1900). He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature (1902, 1903, 1904, 1905). He was born on September 9, 1828 in Yasnaya Polyana, Tula province, in a wealthy noble family. He entered the Kazan University. At the age of 23, he went to the Caucasus, where he began to create the trilogy “Childhood”, “Adolescence” and “Youth”. After participating in the Crimean War, L.N. Tolstoy came to St. Petersburg, where he published his “Sevastopol Stories” in the magazine Sovremennik. The most important work of Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy, “War and Peace”, was written from 1863 to 1869. “Anna Karenina”, Tolstoy created his equally significant work from 1873 to 1877. At this time, his philosophical views, known as “Tolstoyism”, were being formed. They are reflected in such works as “Confession”, “Kreutzer Sonata”, “Father Sergius”. Thanks to L.N. Tolstoy, Yasnaya Polyana has become a kind of holy place. People from all over Russia came to listen to him as a spiritual mentor. In October 1910, fulfilling his decision to live his last years according to his views, he secretly left Yasnaya Polyana accompanied by his doctor D. P. Makovitsky. On the way, he fell ill and had to stop at Astapovo, where he spent his last seven days with the station chief, I. I. Ozolin. The great writer passed away on November 20 at the age of 82 and was buried in the forest in Yasnaya Polyana, next to the ravine where he played with his brother as a child. In memory of Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy, many monuments have been erected in Moscow, one of which is located at 11/8 Prechistenka Street, p. 1

Address: Moscow, Prechistenka str., 11/8, building 1