Tarkhanskaya Street

Tarkhanskaya Street is a street in southeastern Moscow, outside the Moscow Ring Road in Zhulebino, between General Kuznetsov Street and Marshal Poluboyarov Street. Tarkhanskaya Street was named in 1995 after the village of Tarkhany in the Penza region. The name of the village is directly connected with Tarkhany Estate, which belonged to Ye. A. Arsenyeva, the grandmother of the great Russian poet and prose writer M.Y. Lermontov. The poet’s ashes were transported from Pyatigorsk to Tarkhany in 1842. Today the Estate houses the Lermontov Museum Reserve.

Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (1814-1841) was a great Russian poet, prose writer, dramatist and artist. He was born on 15 October, 1814 in the family of the army captain Yuri Lermontov and a rich heiress of the Arsenyev family. It was proved that the writer had Scottish roots on his father’s side. The future poet’s mother died young, so Lermontov was brought up by his grandmother, Elizabeth Arsenyeva, a noblewoman from the Stolypin family. Minister P.A. Stolypin was the poet’s third cousin. Lermontov spent most of his childhood at Tarkhany, his grandmother’s estate in the Penza governorate. From 1828 the poet was sent to a boarding school at Moscow University, where he spent several years. The next step was to enter the school for guardsmen and cavalrymen in St Petersburg, after which he was assigned to a hussar regiment. In his free time, he devoted himself to creative work: literature and painting. The best works of the writer are “The Hero of Our Time”, “Mtsyri”, “The Prisoner”, “Borodino”, “Masquerade”. In 1841 M.Y. Lermontov met his old acquaintance N.S. Martynov in Pyatigorsk. They quarrelled, and on 15 July, 1841 they fought a duel in which Lermontov was killed. The writer died a few months before his 27th birthday. He was buried in the old Piatigorsk cemetery, but later moved to the family crypt in the village of Tarkhany. On 30 July 1939 in Tarkhany was inaugurated the house-museum of M.Y. Lermontov, which during its existence has become a particularly valuable object of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation with an area of more than 200 hectares, beautiful expositions in buildings preserved from Lermontov’s time.

Address: Moscow, Tarkhanskaya St.