Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov was the greatest Soviet scientist in the field of mathematics, professor at Moscow State University, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Hero of Socialist Labor. One of the largest Soviet mathematicians, played an exceptional role in the development of mathematical science in the USSR: Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov acted as one of the creators of modern probability theory, he obtained fundamental results in topology, geometry, mathematical logic, classical mechanics, turbulence theory, algorithm complexity theory, information theory, function theory, trigonometric series theory, measure theory, approximation theory of functions, set theory, theory of differential equations, theory of dynamical systems, functional analysis and in a number of other areas of mathematics and its applications. He was the author of innovative works on philosophy, history, methodology and teaching of mathematics, his work in statistical physics is known. He was the author of a series of fundamental scientific papers in the field of the theory of functions of a real variable and set theory, constructive logic, theory of differential equations, functional analysis, geometry and topology, hydrodynamics and celestial mechanics. Since 1925, for over 60 years, until the end of his life, he worked at Moscow University as a graduate student, since 1929 as a researcher, since 1931 as a professor, in 1933-1939 and since 1951 as the director of the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of Moscow State University. He created a number of departments and laboratories at the University, led them: from 1935 to 1966 – the Department of Probability Theory, from 1954 to 1956 and from 1978 to 1987 – the Department of Mathematics of the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics of Moscow State University, from 1976 to 1979 – the Department of Mathematical Statistics of the same Faculty, from 1980 to 1987 – the Department of Mathematical Logic. During the Great Patriotic War, at the head of a group of scientists, he conducted research on the tasks of the Main Artillery Directorate of the Red Army in the field of ballistics and mechanics. Using his research on probability theory, he studied the scattering of shells during firing and gave many valuable practical recommendations both in the field of design and practical application of artillery.
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