Konstantin Eduardovich


Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, a great self-taught scientist, a talented teacher. He published numerous scientific works in the field of aeronautics, rocket dynamics and cosmonautics, the fundamental work “Exploration of world spaces by jet devices” (1903, 1911, 1914, 1926). He was the inventor in the field of aviation, aeronautics and airship construction. In the book “Space Rocket Trains” (1929), he substantiated the idea of using multi-stage rockets to fly into space. In his theoretical works, the scientist presented a number of important conclusions, which are still widely used by specialists of rocket and space technology. “At present, apparently, it is still impossible to fully appreciate the full significance of the scientific ideas and technical proposals of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, especially in the field of penetration into interplanetary space,” said the founder of practical cosmonautics S.P. Korolev. “Time sometimes inexorably erases the images of the past, but the ideas and works of Konstantin Eduardovich will attract more and more attention as rocket technology continues to develop.” K.E. Tsiolkovsky is one of the leading representatives of the religious and philosophical trend of Russian cosmism. He was a member of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society and the Society of Lovers of World Studies. He is the author of science fiction works “On the Moon” (1887), “Dreams of the Earth and the Sky” (1894) and “Beyond the Earth” (1920). He was a propagandist of the ideas of space exploration and its settlement using orbital stations. K.E. Tsiolkovsky taught mathematics at county schools for more than 40 years (1880-1921). Before the revolution, he was awarded the Orders of St. Stanislaus and the Red Banner (1932). A large crater on the far side of the Moon, a minor planet No. 1590, a city near the Vostochny cosmodrome, the Progress M-61 cargo spacecraft, the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics, streets and monuments in many cities of our country are named after him. The monument is a portrait bust of K.E. Tsiolkovsky, made of bronze. The bust is mounted on a pedestal of red granite. On the pedestal there is a bronze frieze with the autograph of the scientist engraved on it: “K. Tsiolkovsky”.

Address: Moscow, Tsiolkovsky str., vl. 6