to soldiers of the 8th Guards Panfilov Rifle Division
The monument is an obelisk with a top in the form of a sculptural image of a five-pointed star. An obelisk made of red polished granite is mounted on a pedestal. The dedicatory inscription on the obelisk is carved in gilded letters: «To the soldiers and officers of the 8th Guards Panfilov (316th) Rifle Division who died defending the approaches to Moscow in the Kryukovsky direction in December 1941». The most severe consequences of the Great Patriotic War for the Soviet Union are its human losses – military personnel and civilians, amounting to 26.6 million people. This figure was obtained as a result of extensive statistical research by demographers and the subsequent work (in the late 80s of the XX century) of the state commission for the clarification of human losses. It was published in a rounded form («almost 27 million people») at a solemn meeting of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on May 8, 1990, dedicated to the 45th anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic War. In the specified number of total human losses (26.6 million people) include soldiers and partisans killed in battle and died of wounds and diseases, died of hunger, civilians killed during bombing, artillery shelling and punitive actions, prisoners of war shot and tortured in concentration camps, underground workers, as well as workers, peasants and employees who were stolen for hard labor.
Address: Moscow, Klinskaya str., 2, p. 1 (territory of the Grachevka Park)