Sergei Pavlovich


Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was an outstanding Soviet designer and scientist, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the founder of cosmonautics and the largest specialist in the field of space shipbuilding, the twice Hero of Socialist Labor. He studied at a professional construction school, and then, in 1924, entered the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, where he began to study aircraft engineering. Sergei Pavlovich Korolev moved to Moscow in 1926, transferring to the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. He successfully designed various aircraft, but after meeting and talking with K.E. Tsiolkovsky he actively engaged in the study of jet propulsion and the development of rocket aircraft. The successful launch of the first rocket took place in 1933. Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was arrested and sent first to Kolyma on Stalin’s instructions in 1938, and then, after a review of the case, to a Moscow prison. A few years later he was released. Sergei Pavlovich Korolev created a rocket that had a nuclear warhead in 1954. The first rocket with a satellite was launched in 1957. This made it possible two years later to send three spacecraft to the surface of the Moon, to carry out the first human flight into space (1961) and an exit into open space (1965). The monument to Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was installed at the end of January 2007 at the entrance to the Educational and Laboratory Building of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. It was timed to the XXXI Academic Readings on Cosmonautics dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. It is a statue of a prominent Soviet scientist Sergei Pavlovich Korolev surrounded by stylized stars, orbits and plumes of rockets, holding the first artificial satellite of the Earth in his hands.

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