Sergey Leonidovich Solovyov was born on April 12, 1930 in the city of Novgorod. In 1953 he graduated from the Physics Department of Leningrad University. In 1956 he completed the postgraduate course of the Geophysical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. After its reorganization, he worked at the Institute of Physics of the Earth of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He headed the Seismology Department of the Sakhalin Integrated Research Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences since 1961. In 1968 he returned to Moscow to the Laboratory of Regional Seismology of the IFZ of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1971, he headed the Sakhnii Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Since 1978 he was in charge of the Seismology Laboratory (since 1985 also the Geophysics Department) of the Institute of Oceanology of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The main works were devoted to the classification of earthquakes, seismicity and seismic zoning, the deep structure of the Kuril-Kamchatka Arc and adjacent waters, the problem of tsunamis, hydroacoustic waves of underwater earthquakes. He was an organizer of the year-round monitoring and tsunami warning service on the Kuril Islands, integrated geological and geophysical survey of the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sakhalin shelf and the bottom of the Kuril-Kamchatka deep water trench. He developed deep-sea self-floating bottom seismographs, participated in the compilation of the Atlas of Earthquakes in the USSR (1962), the Catalog of Tsunamis on the West coast of the Pacific Ocean (1974) and the Catalog of Tsunamis on the East coast of the Pacific Ocean (1975). He trained 1 doctor and 12 candidates of Sciences. He was the author of about 500 scientific papers, including 10 monographs, as well as 30 inventions. He was awarded the VDNH Gold Medal, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, the Veteran of Labor Medal and other awards.
Nikolay Nikolaevich Pariysky was a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Russian Academy of Sciences), Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences; professor; researcher. Also, he was an Associate Professor of the P.K. Sternberg State Astronomical Institute of Moscow State University; Senior Researcher of the Seismological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences; the Head of Department and Laboratory, a leading researcher-consultant of the Institute of Physics of the Earth named after O.Yu. Schmidt of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Russian Academy of Sciences), scientist in the field of astronomy, geophysics and gravimetry. Nikolay Nikolaevich Pariysky was born on September 30, 1900 in St. Petersburg, in a family of office employees of the railway administration. He finished St. Petersburg private secondary school of V.P. Kuzmina, evacuated in 1917-1918 to the city of Anapa. In December 1919, like all students, he was mobilized into the Red Army. In 1929, he graduated from the graduate school of Moscow State University. On December 1, 1924, Nikolai Nikolaevich Pariysky was enrolled as a researcher at Astronomical and Geodetic Institute, later transformed into SAIS – State Astronomical Institute named after Sternberg at Moscow State University. In 1941-1943 he worked as the Deputy Director of the Institute of Astronomy and Physics of the Kazan branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. N.N. Pariysky was one of the founders of gravimetric research in the USSR. He participated in the first research and interpretation of the Kursk and Moscow gravitational anomalies. He completed a series of works on the study of the nature of the solar corona and the opposition. He refuted the catastrophic hypothesis of the English astronomer James Holwood Jeans about the origin of the Solar system. With his calculations, N.N. Pariysky convincingly showed the negligible probability of the formation of a planetary system, and therefore of life on other planets, which contradicted the prevailing views of philosophers at that time. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, 3 Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, medals.
Yuri Dmitrievich Boulanger was a Soviet geophysicist, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He was born on July 28, 1911 in Moscow in the family of a construction technician. In 1934 he graduated from the Moscow Institute of Geodesy, Aerial Photography and Cartography. He defended his doctoral thesis in 1953. After graduating from Moscow Geodetic Institute, he worked at the Institute of Physics of the Earth of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The main works were on experimental research in the field of gravimetry, the study of deformation of the Earth’s crust. He was the Vice-President of the Soviet Geophysical Society (since 1957); Vice-President of the International Association of Geodesy. He was awarded two orders.
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