Sergey Yakovlevich


Sergey Yakovlevich Batyshev was commander of the 3rd battalion of the 545th Rifle Regiment (389th Rifle Division, 3rd Guards Army, 1st Ukrainian Front), major. He was born on October 6 (19), 1915 in Kadom, Temnikovsky district, Tambov province (now the village is the district center of the Ryazan region). . He graduated from the 7th grade of the school in Kadoma, in 1932 – the school of the Federal Law in the city of Stalinogorsk (now it is Novomoskovsk, Moscow region). In 1932-1933 he worked as a bricklayer at plant No. 42, and at the same time studied at the Stalinogorsk Chemical College.  In 1936 he graduated from the 3rd year of the Moscow Mechanical Engineering Institute. In 1936-1938 he was a teacher of technical disciplines at the agricultural labor faculty and mechanics courses in the village of Digora (now the city is the district center of North Ossetia). He graduated in absentia from the 4th year of the Moscow Mechanical Engineering Institute. In 1938-1939 he was teacher and instructor of industrial training at the school at the Saatli station (now the city is the district center of Azerbaijan). He had been in the army since September 1939. In 1940 he graduated from the regimental school (in Arzamas, now it is in Nizhny Novgorod region). He served in the infantry as a commander of a mortar platoon of a rifle regiment (in the Moscow Military District; Arzamas).  He was participant of the Great Patriotic War: in July-August 1941 he was commander of a mortar platoon of the 624th Rifle Regiment (Western Front). He participated in defensive battles in Belarus and the Battle of Smolensk. In July 1941 he was concussed. On August 13, 1941 he was seriously wounded in his right leg and was in a hospital in Astrakhan until December 1941. In January-October 1942 he was platoon commander and company commander of the mortar battalion of the 104th Infantry Regiment. He fought on the Southwestern (January-April 1942) and Bryansk (April-July 1942) fronts. He participated in the battles in the Kursk and Belgorod directions, the Voronezh-Voroshilovgrad operation. In the summer of 1942, he graduated from the junior lieutenant courses. In July 1942 he was surrounded, but a few months later he came out to his own people behind enemy lines. In December 1942 – July 1944 he was the commander of a mortar company, senior adjutant and battalion commander of the 545th infantry regiment. He fought as part of the Northern Group of Troops of the Transcaucasian Front (December 1942 – January 1943), the North Caucasus (January-October 1943) and the 1st Ukrainian (November-December 1943 and May-July 1944) fronts. He participated in the Battle for the Caucasus, the North Caucasus, Novorossiysk-Taman, Zhytomyr-Berdichev and Lviv-Sandomierz operations. On August 13, 1943 he was slightly wounded and concussed. On December 24, 1943 he was seriously wounded and until May 1944 was being treated in a hospital in Mednogorsk (Orenburg region). He especially distinguished himself during the Lviv-Sandomierz operation. On July 13, 1944 the battalion under his command broke through enemy defenses in the area of the villages of Zvinyach and Oshchev (Gorokhovsky district of Volyn region, Ukraine) and developed a rapid offensive, during which it broke into the city of Gorokhov, endangering the enemy’s open flank. During one day of the offensive, the battalion destroyed more than 150 enemy soldiers and officers, destroyed 2 tanks, 3 armored personnel carriers, 2 guns, captured 24 people and an ammunition depot. Pursuing the retreating enemy, on July 16, 1944 the battalion reached the village of Pechikhvosty (Gorokhovsky district), where it took the fight with the approaching enemy reserves. In this battle S.Y. Batyshev was seriously wounded in the left arm, but continued to command the battalion until the enemy began to retreat. Until September 1944 he was being treated in a hospital in the city of Rivne (Ukraine). For the courage and heroism shown in the battles with the Nazi invaders, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated September 23, 1944 Major Batyshev Sergey Yakovlevich was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal. In September 1944 – April 1945 he was Deputy commander of the 545th Rifle Regiment (1st Ukrainian Front). He participated in the Sandomierz-Silesian, Lower Silesian and Berlin operations. On April 22, 1945 he was wounded (for the fifth time during the war) in the right thigh and was in a hospital in the city of Krakow (Poland) until May 1945. After the war, he served as a commander of a military unit (in the Volga Military District). Since October 1945, Major S.Y. Batyshev had been in reserve.

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