Sergey Semenovich
Biryuzov

1904-1964


Sergey Semenovich Biryuzov was the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Defence Forces of the USSR, Deputy Minister of Defence of the USSR, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1955), the Hero of the Soviet Union. He was born on August 21, 1904 in the city of Skopin, the Ryazan region. He was in the Red Army from September 15, 1922. In 1923, he was transferred as one of the best cadets in Moscow to the VTSIK Joint Military School, from which he graduated in 1926. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, Major General S.S. Biryuzov commanded the 132nd Rifle Division on the Southwestern, then Bryansk fronts. He was a participant of the Smolensk battle. Having taken one of the first blows of Guderian’s tank hordes in July 1941, the division broke out of the encirclement three times. He participated in the development and conduct of operations to liberate Donbass, Northern Tavria and Crimea, as the Chief of Staff of the 3rd Ukrainian Front, S.S. Biryuzov participated in the planning and implementation of the Iasi-Kishinev operation, which ended with the defeat of 18 enemy divisions. He prepared and conducted an extensive program of measures for operational camouflage of troops, successfully organized interaction with the formations of the 2nd Ukrainian Front and the Navy forces, ensured uninterrupted control of the front’s troops during the liberation of Romania, Bulgaria and during the Belgrade offensive operation. He was awarded 5 Orders of Lenin, 3 Orders of the Red Banner, Orders of Suvorov 1st and 2nd degree, Kutuzov 1st degree, 5 medals of the USSR (including “For the Defence of Stalingrad”, “For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945” and other awards.

Address: Moscow, Marshal Biryuzova str., 32