Fyodor Mikhailovich


Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was a Russian writer, thinker, philosopher and publicist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences since 1877. A classic of world literature, one of the most widely read writers in the world. Literary critics consider the Russian and world literature’s unique monojournal of philosophical and literary journalism “The Writer’s Diary” and “The Great Pentateuch” to be the most significant works of the writer, which includes the novels “Crime and Punishment” (1866), “Idiot” (1868), “Demons” (1871-1872), “Teenager” (1875), “The Brothers Karamazov” (1879-1880) F.M. Dostoevsky was born on November 11, 1821. in the family of the staff doctor of the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor. His father, Mikhail Andreevich, was a nobleman, and his mother, Maria Feodorovna, came from an Old Moscow merchant family. Having received an excellent education in a private boarding school, Dostoevsky entered the St. Petersburg Military Engineering School by his father’s decision, which he did not finish, preferring literary creativity. Dostoevsky’s first novel, Poor People, was written in 1845 and published in Nekrasov’s St. Petersburg Collection. In 1859 He lived in Tver, and then in St. Petersburg, where he wrote a number of works, including the novella “Uncle’s Dream”, “The Village of Stepanchikovo and its inhabitants”, the novel “Humiliated and Insulted”. In 1864, a tragedy occurred in the life of F.M. Dostoevsky — his brother Mikhail and his wife died. During this difficult time, Dostoevsky is working on the creation of the novel “Crime and Punishment”, sending chapters to the magazine set immediately after writing. To keep the rights to his works, he has to write the novel “The Gambler” in record time – in 21 days. However, in parallel with the creation of “Igor” Dostoevsky is working on the novel “Idiot”, and he has to hire a stenographer Anna Grigoryevna Snitkina, who later became the wife of Fyodor Mikhailovich. In 1867 Snitkina-Dostoevskaya accompanies the writer abroad. His wife keeps a diary of their trip, actively helping with financial issues. Returning to Russia, F.M. Dostoevsky and his wife settled in the city of Staraya Russa, located in the Novgorod province. There F.M. Dostoevsky writes the novel “Demons”. Then there is the “Diary of a writer”, in 1875 – the novel “Teenager”, in 1876. – the story “Meek”. In 1878, a significant event took place in the life of F.M. Dostoevsky: Emperor Alexander II invited him to his home and introduced him to his family. During the last two years of his life (1879-1880), the writer created one of his best and most important works – the novel “The Brothers Karamazov”. In memory of the great writer in Moscow in 1997, a monument was erected in front of the building of the Russian State Library in honor of the 175th anniversary of the writer’s birth and the 850th anniversary of Moscow. The authors of the monument are sculptor Alexander Rukavishnikov and architects Mikhail Posokhin, Alexander Kochekovsky, Sergey Sharov. The bronze sculpture depicts Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky sitting on a bench. He’s thinking about something, his posture is uncomfortable, and you can sense a sense of hopelessness and sadness in his expression.

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