Vladimir Nikolaevich


Vladimir Nikolaevich Chelomey was a designer of rocket and space technology, a mechanical engineer in matters of control processes. He was a General Designer of aviation, rocket and rocket-space technology, twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1959, 1963), winner of the Lenin and three State Prizes of the USSR. In fact, he headed the Council of Chief Designers in 1961– 1964. He was an author of 87 scientific papers and inventions on special topics. He was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the 9th, 10th and 11th convocations. He was born on June 30, 1914 in the family of teachers of the folk school of the provincial town of Siedlce, Privislinsky region of the Russian Empire (now it is the territory of Poland). In 1937 he graduated from the Kiev Aviation Institute, where he remained to work as a teacher. In 1941, he began working at the Central Institute of Aviation Engine Building (CIAM) in Moscow. Since 1944, he headed the Experimental Design Bureau 51, previously headed by N. Polikarpov, and became today’s NPO Mashinostroeniya (Reutov, Moscow region). In 1952 he became a professor at the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, in 1962 — an academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He led the creation of the PuVRD – pulsating jet engine, projectile aircraft, cruise missile systems: for firing at ground targets, anti-ship complexes, space systems and vehicles, automatic reconnaissance stations “Almaz”, strategic missile systems with ICBMs. The bust of V.N. Chelomey is made of bronze and mounted on a granite pedestal. The scientist is presented in an official suit, with awards on his chest. The pedestal is encircled by a bronze ribbon on which the awards are repeated. Under the ribbon is the inscription: “Hero of Socialist Labor Academician Chelomey Vladimir Nikolaevich. For special merits in the development of science and technology, by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated April 25, 1963, he was awarded the second gold medal “Hammer and Sickle”.

Address: Moscow, COSMOPARK