Mig-15UTI 59

The MiG-15UTI is a Soviet two–seat jet training aircraft based on the MiG-15 fighter. It was created by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the late 1940s. The MiG-15 showed excellent results during the tests, and it was clear that it would soon go into mass production and this production would be large-scale. It was obvious that in this case, the Air Force would need two-seat training jets to retrain the Air Force flight crew for new fighters. At that time, the Air Force had only a limited number of two-seat Yak-17UTI, with an extremely unreliable RD-10 engine and severely limited in operation. In November 1948, the State Research Institute of the Air Force recommended the Mikoyan Design Bureau to develop a training fighter based on the MiG-15. The Design Bureau took up the work without delay and in February 27, 1949 A. I. Mikoyan approved the draft design of the MiG-15UTI. Officially, the development of the UTI was approved by Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR № 1391-497 of April 6, 1949 and by order of the MAP № 266 of April 13. The aircraft received the designation I-312 and the factory code “ST”. At the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau, the project of a new aircraft, designated I-310 (code “C”), with an asymmetric engine arrangement in the rear fuselage and a swept wing, was led by A.G. Brunov. In order to install a turbojet engine with a thrust of 2270 kgf on this fighter, many fundamentally new design solutions were used for the first time in the new Mikoyan aircraft. So, along with the swept wings (which provided him with high subsonic speed), he received: a huge keel topped with a swept stabilizer; pure cigar-shaped fuselage; sealed cockpit with ventilation and ejection seat; tricycle landing gear with a new rack. Serial production of MiG-15 aircraft was initially deployed at plant № 1 (Kuibyshev), and then at plant № 153 (Novosibirsk), and soon factories № 21 (Gorky); 31 (Tbilisi); 99 (Ulan-Ude); 126 joined its production (Komsomolsk-on-Amur); 135 (Kharkiv); 292 (Saratov) and 381 (Moscow), which produced a total of 13,131 MiG–15 aircraft of all modifications in 1949-1953, including 3433 UTI MiG-15. For the longest time, until 1959, the production of the MiG-15 UTI continued at plant № 99 in Ulan-Ude.

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