Monument to the front page of the city line of defence of Moscow

This historical place in Moscow is located at 27A, Obrucheva Street, not far from the intersection of Obrucheva and Trade Union Streets. This is a long-term firing point (DOT), which was a part of the Main line of defence of Moscow. It was built in the autumn of 1941. At that time, this territory was not part of Moscow. There was the village of Vorontsovo and the pig farm of the same name. It was located south of the village of Vorontsovo and was intended for the defence of the Staro-Kaluga highway. In the early sixties, there was no longer a state farm and a village, this area became a part of Moscow, Obrucheva Street, which is a part of the Rublevskoe Highway–Balaklavsky Avenue, lay here. And in 1980 this pillbox became a memorial. This fortification (engineering protection structure) is a machine–gun pillbox, prefabricated from reinforced concrete beams, with an embrasure of the NPS-3. Fortification preparation of the terrain was of great importance for the stability of the troops in defence, in exhausting the enemy and slowing down his advance. In fact, numerous lines of fortifications with great depth, cut-off positions, separate resistance nodes, anti-tank areas and barriers in the most important directions, etc. were created on the near and far approaches to the capital. Thus, the enemy, breaking through one lane, bumped into the next. The pace of his advance gradually slowed down, the troops were exhausted. The scale of defensive work on the approaches to the capital was huge, the timing was often scanty – weeks, days. Often the fortifications did not have time to finish building, or the troops occupying them approached at the last moment or did not reach the lines on time at all. But still, in most cases, these fortifications played a significant, if not decisive, role in the defence of Moscow. On the pillbox there is an inscription on a metal plate: “These lines of defence were held by the 7th regiment of the 5th Division of Moscow workers from September 1941 to February 1942, awarded the Order of Alexander Nevsky.” Nearby is a memorial stone with the inscription “Long-term firing point. It was built in the autumn of 1941” and a granite stone with the inscription “Here in 1941 passed the first strip of the city line of defence of Moscow.”

Address: Moscow, Obrucheva str., 27A