Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin was a Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944), Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously, 1965), Knight of the Order of Victory, Hero of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria (posthumously, 1979), People’s Hero of Yugoslavia (1945). He was born in the village of Androniki, Yaroslavl province. The son of a peasant. He was educated at the St. Petersburg Commercial School (1912), the school of ensigns (1915). at the advanced training courses of the higher command staff (1927, 1930), at the Frunze Military Academy (1934). Since 1911 he worked as a clerk, since 1912 as an accountant (St. Petersburg). Participant of the 1st World War, staff captain. In August 1918 He joined the Red Army, in staff positions. He participated in the suppression of the Kronstadt Uprising (1921) and military operations against Finnish detachments in Karelia (1921-22). After the war, he became chief of staff of the division and corps, division commander. In 1938 he joined the VKP(b). Since July 1938 he was a Chief of Staff of the Transcaucasian Military District. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, he held the positions of the front’s chief of staff, from July 1942 – commander of the 57th, from February 1943 – 68th armies. From March 1943 he commanded the Southern, from October 1943 – the 4th Ukrainian, from May 1944 to June 1945. – 3rd Ukrainian fronts. He led the troops in the Battle of Stalingrad, on the Don, in the Donbass, participated in the liberation of Yugoslavia, Romania, Hungary. Since September 1944 – Chairman of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria. From July 1945 to January 1947. Commander-in-chief of the Southern Group of Troops. Since 1946 – Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Since January 1947, Commander of the Transcaucasian Military District. After the war, from July 1945 to January 1947, Marshal F. I. Tolbukhin was the commander-in-chief of the Southern Group of Troops in Romania and Bulgaria, created to counter possible Turkish military actions in the Balkans (disbanded in February 1947). Since January 1947, he has been the commander of the Transcaucasian Military District. Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the II convocation (1946-1949). Since 1946 – Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 7, 1965 “for the skillful leadership of the troops, courage, bravery and heroism shown in the fight against the Nazi invaders during the Great Patriotic War,” Marshal of the Soviet Union Tolbukhin Fyodor Ivanovich was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
Address: Moscow, Samotechny Boulevard