Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov was the USSR cosmonaut pilot, spacecraft test engineer, aviation colonel, the twice Hero of the Soviet Union. He graduated the Batai Military Aviation School of Pilots in 1949, then served in the aviation units of the North Caucasus District until 1954. He graduated from the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, worked as a test engineer at the State Research Institute of the Air Force in 1959. He was enrolled in the first cosmonaut squad in 1960. Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov was the Head of the department of the Cosmonaut Training Center (1966-1967). He was preparing for the flight as a stand-in pilot on the KK series «Vostok». He performed two space flights on the Voskhod spacecraft as a commander of a multi-seat crew (October 12-13, 1964) and the «Soyuz-1» spacecraft as a test pilot of a new spacecraft (April 23-24, 1967) with a total duration of 2 days 03 hours. He tragically died on his return to the planet Earth during the landing of the «Soyuz-1» spacecraft. He was awarded the Orders of Lenin and the Red Star, the Medal «For Military Merit», the Gold Medal «Cosmos» of the International Aviation Federation, the Order «Wind Rose» with diamonds of the International Committee for Aeronautics, the medal «Gold Star» of the Hero of Labor of Vietnam. A crater on the Moon, minor planet No. 1836, the Yeisk Higher Military Aviation Institute and Pilot School, a research vessel, avenues, squares and streets in many cities of the country are named after him.
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