Vladimir Nikolaevich Vinogradov was a Soviet scientist in the field of petrochemistry, the rector of Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry, the Hero of Socialist Labor (1983). Vladimir Nikolaevich Vinogradov was born on February 25, 1923 in the village of Nemchinovka (now it is the Odintsovo district of the Moscow region). In 1940 he finished School № 174 in Moscow and entered Moscow Petroleum Institute. Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, he took part in the construction of defensive lines on the outskirts of Moscow. In October 1941 he volunteered for the front as a part of the 4th Moscow Communist Division of the People’s Militia, then fought as a part of the units of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army. In April 1942, Vinogradov was seriously wounded in the legs and after prolonged treatment was demobilized for health reasons. Returning to Moscow, Vinogradov continued his studies at the Institute, graduated from its mechanical faculty in 1950. He proved himself as a Komsomol activist, he was the secretary of the Institute Committee of the Komsomol, the secretary of the Leninsky district Committee of the Komsomol of Moscow, the head of the department of the Moscow City Committee of the Komsomol. After graduating from graduate school, Vinogradov remained teaching at the Faculty of Petroleum Mechanics of Gubkin Institute, went from a senior lecturer of the department to the rector of this institute. He headed the Institute for 31 years. Vinogradov was the author of over two hundred scientific papers, including 7 monographs, the owner of 49 patents for inventions. In 1956 he defended his PhD, in 1969 – his doctoral dissertation. During his leadership of the institute, this educational institution became the basic institution of higher professional education in the field of petrochemical and gas industry, acquired new laboratory and educational buildings, dormitories, social facilities. In addition, with the active participation of Vinogradov, the Institute of Oil and Gas Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was established, for three years he was its director. He was a member of many educational and scientific-technical associations, editorial boards of journals, headed the Council of Rectors of Moscow and the Union of Rectors of Russia. He was elected a deputy of the Moscow City Council fourteen times. For his achievements in the field of science and education, Vinogradov was awarded many honorary titles, including Honored Scientist of the Uzbek and Turkmen SSR, and two prizes named after Academician I. M. Gubkin. By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of February 24, 1983 for “great achievements in the training of highly qualified personnel, the development of scientific research and in connection with the sixtieth anniversary of his birth,” Vladimir Nikolaevich Vinogradov was awarded the high title of the Hero of Socialist Labor with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Hammer and Sickle medal. In 1993, Vinogradov resigned as the rector of the university, but remained an adviser to the new rector. He died in 2003, and was buried in the columbarium of the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.
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