786th Regiment of the 4th Moscow Communist Division of the People’s Militia was Formed In This Building

The 4th Moscow Rifle Division of the Kuibyshevskiy district was formed from October 17 to October 24, 1941. The commander was Major P.S. Gavilevsky, the military commissar was regimental Commissar V. Volgin. From January 15, 1942 it started to be nominate as 155th Rifle Division, its honorary name was the Stanislav Red Banner. The place of formation of the division was 6, Kutuzovsky passage. The division included fighters, commanders and political workers of the fighter battalions of the Taganskiy, Baumanskiy, Sovetskiy, Moskvoretskiy, Kievskiy, Krasnopresnenskiy, Kuibyshevskiy, Kalininskiy, Leninskiy and Frunzenskiy districts of Moscow. In the second half of October, the division took up defensive positions at the near approaches to the capital at the Khoroshevo– Fili – Kuntsevo – Setun – Tatarovo – Kharitonovo – Troitskoye– Golenishevo line. Here the militia of the division erected defensive fortifications and at the same time, studying military affairs, prepared for battles. The division included the 110th Rifle Division, the 84th Guards Rifle Division, which, in turn, included the 1st Rifle Regiment (1287th Rifle Regiment), 2nd Rifle Regiment (1289th rifle regiment), 3rd Rifle Regiment (1291st rifle regiment), 4th Reserve Regiment, 971st Artillery Regiment (separate artillery division), separate units and special forces. Regiments that occupied the 2nd combat section of the defence of Moscow (Moscow–Minsk highway, Khoroshevskoe Highway), were consolidated into the 1st brigade of Moscow workers, which was soon reorganized into the 4th Moscow Rifle Division. In November 1941, during the defensive battles, the division’s units were transferred and put into battle on separate sections of the front, where there was a threat of a breakthrough. Heavy fighting took place in the areas of Gorki, Troitskoye-Lykovo. In January 1942, the division was transferred to the North-Western Front in the Ostashkov area. By order of the Deputy People ‘s Commissar of Defenc e of the USSR of January 19, 1942 it was reorganized into the 155th Rifle Division. It is necessary to distinguish the 4th Moscow Rifle Division, formed at the end of October 1941, from the 4th Moscow Division of the People’s Militia of the Kuibyshevskiy district, formed in July 1941.

Address: Moscow, 2nd Mosfilmovsky lane, 8