Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (1906-1966) was an outstanding Soviet designer and scientist, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the founder of cosmonautics and the largest specialist in the field of space shipbuilding. He studied at a professional construction school, and then, in 1924, entered the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, where he began to study aircraft engineering. Transferring to the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Sergei Pavlovich Korolev moved to Moscow in 1926. He successfully designed various aircraft, but after meeting and talking with K.E. Tsiolkovsky he actively engaged in the study of jet propulsion and the development of rocket aircraft. The successful launch of the first rocket took place in 1933. Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was arrested and sent first to Kolyma on Stalin’s instructions in 1938, and then, after a review of the case, to a Moscow prison. A few years later he was released. Sergei Pavlovich Korolev created a rocket that had a nuclear warhead in 1954. The first rocket with a satellite was launched in 1957. This made it possible two years later to send three spacecraft to the surface of the Moon, to carry out the first human flight into space (1961) and an exit into open space (1965). He died in January 1966 of heart failure. The monument to Sergei Pavlovich Korolev on a high granite pedestal is close in shape to the bust. The hero, depicted with a portrait likeness, is presented in deep thought – he bowed his head and cupped his chin with the fingers of his left hand. The commemorative inscription on the pedestal is made in slotted letters: «The designer of the first rocket and space systems, Academician Sergey Pavlovich Korolev».
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