Petlyakov Vladimir Mikhailovich is a Soviet aircraft designer, winner of the Stalin Prize, awarded two Orders of Lenin and the Order of the Red Star. In 1925-1937 he was engaged in the design of wings, carried out calculations, headed the group and replaced Tupolev in the sector of experimental aircraft construction, accumulated considerable experience in design activities. Since the summer of 1934, Petlyakov’s brigade has been designing a heavy four-engine bomber TB-7 (ANT-42), designed to replace the outdated TB-3, eventually creating a unique machine for its time. In October 1937, A.N. Tupolev was arrested on false charges , followed by his closest associates, including V.M. Petlyakov. While in prison, he was given the task to lead the construction of a high-speed high-altitude twin-engine fighter equipped with turbochargers, which Vladimir Petlyakov successfully completed by creating a Pe aircraft-2. He died in a plane crash. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Star, the Stalin Prize of the first degree – for the design of the aircraft («Pe-2») and other awards.
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